Pashu Sandesh, 14th January 2019
Sonam Bhardwaj, Sandeep Dwivedi
Milk is the prime source of nutrition and energy for infants so is the case with the newborn calves they depend on milk for most of their energy needs at least for the first three weeks of life. Low body fat reserves and larger surface to body mass ratio makes the new born bovine more susceptible to cold stress when compared with the adult animals as they tend to lose body heat more quickly. Maximum portion of the calves consists of liquid part basically colostrum in early days and milk later, so the adjustment in the liquid ration for cold conditions is of utmost importance as it is the key factor and serves the purpose of maintaining the bodyweight of calves and not exposing them to abrupt loos and gain in body weight.
Ways to meet the demand for required nutrients:
Three main ways are there for adjusting the milk ration and helping young calves in coping weather requirements:
The best way to feed more nutrition is by far to feed the same diet more often throughout the day. As not every farm can adjust to feeding three times a day, but a significant need can be met if it can only be done for new born calves.
Things beyond adjusting the liquid ration:
Increased feeding rate of the milk replacer requires special attention of other details to keep the new borns in balance. The following things are to be kept in mind by dairy farmers and animal owners for efficient transition of calves in winter season.
Though the Cold weather can be difficult to raise the calves, but it doesn't make it impossible to raise healthy calves. With careful attention to the liquid ration and other details around it, one can achieve healthy, well-grown replacements under the most brutal conditions.
Dr. Sonam Bhardwaj, (ASSISTANT PROFESSOR) APOLLO COLLEGE OF VETERINARY MEDICINE, Jaipur (Rajasthan)
Dr. Sandeep Dwivedi, (M.V.Sc. PATHOLOGY) NDVSU JABALPUR (M.P.)